Quemar – Spanish verb conjugation

The Spanish verb “quemar” translates to “to burn” in English. It refers to the process of combustion that produces fire, heat, and often destruction of an object or material due to exposure to high temperatures. The verb can be used in various contexts, including:

  1. Literal Burning:
    El fuego quemó la madera. (The fire burned the wood.)
    No dejes la comida en la estufa, se puede quemar. (Don’t leave the food on the stove, it can burn.)
  2. Sunburn or Heat Exposure:
    Me quemé la piel en la playa. (I burned my skin at the beach.)
    Ten cuidado de no quemarte con el sol. (Be careful not to get sunburned.)
  3. Chemical or Electrical Burning:
    El ácido puede quemar la piel. (The acid can burn the skin.)
    El cortocircuito quemó los cables. (The short circuit burned the wires.)
  4. Figurative Meanings (causing damage or erosion):
    Las críticas le quemaron el orgullo. (The criticisms burned his pride.)
    Trabajar 50 horas por semana le quemó. (Working 50 hours per week burnt him.)

In summary, “quemar” is a versatile verb used to describe the process of burning, whether it’s literal burning of objects, sunburn, chemical reactions, or figurative burnings such as feelings or reputations.

Conjugation of the Spanish verb “quemar”

Present Indicative

  • Yo quemo (I burn)
  • Tú quemas (You burn)
  • Él/Ella/Usted quema (He/She/You burn)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras quemamos (We burn)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras quemáis (You all burn – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes queman (They/You all burn)

Preterite (Past Simple) Indicative

  • Yo quemé (I burned)
  • Tú quemaste (You burned)
  • Él/Ella/Usted quemó (He/She/You burned)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras quemamos (We burned)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras quemasteis (You all burned – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes quemaron (They/You all burned)

Imperfect Indicative

  • Yo quemaba (I used to burn)
  • Tú quemabas (You used to burn)
  • Él/Ella/Usted quemaba (He/She/You used to burn)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras quemábamos (We used to burn)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras quemabais (You all used to burn – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes quemaban (They/You all used to burn)

Future Indicative

  • Yo quemaré (I will burn)
  • Tú quemarás (You will burn)
  • Él/Ella/Usted quemará (He/She/You will burn)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras quemaremos (We will burn)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras quemaréis (You all will burn – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes quemarán (They/You all will burn)

Conditional

  • Yo quemaría (I would burn)
  • Tú quemarías (You would burn)
  • Él/Ella/Usted quemaría (He/She/You would burn)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras quemaríamos (We would burn)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras quemaríais (You all would burn – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes quemarían (They/You all would burn)

Present Subjunctive

  • Yo queme (That I burn)
  • Tú quemes (That you burn)
  • Él/Ella/Usted queme (That he/she/you burn)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras quememos (That we burn)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras queméis (That you all burn – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes quemen (That they/you all burn)

Imperfect Subjunctive

  • Yo quemara / quemase (If I burned)
  • Tú quemaras / quemases (If you burned)
  • Él/Ella/Usted quemara / quemase (If he/she/you burned)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras quemáramos / quemásemos (If we burned)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras quemarais / quemaseis (If you all burned – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes quemaran / quemasen (If they/you all burned)

Imperative

  • (Tú) Quema (Burn – singular, informal)
  • (Él/Ella/Usted) Queme (Burn – singular, formal)
  • (Nosotros/Nosotras) Quememos (Let’s burn)
  • (Vosotros/Vosotras) Quemad (Burn – plural, informal, used in Spain)
  • (Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes) Quemen (Burn – plural, formal)