“Perder” Spanish verb conjugation

The Spanish verb “perder” translates to “to lose” in English. It refers to the inability to keep or maintain possession of something, whether it’s physical objects, opportunities, or abstract concepts. Here are some contexts in which “perder” is commonly used:

  1. Losing Objects or Possessions:
    Perdí mis llaves. (I lost my keys.)
    ¿Has perdido tu teléfono? (Have you lost your phone?)
  2. Losing in a Competition or Game:
    El equipo perdió el partido. (The team lost the match.)
    Siempre pierdo en el ajedrez. (I always lose at chess.)
  3. Missing Opportunities:
    No quiero perder esta oportunidad. (I don’t want to miss this opportunity.)
    Perdí la ocasión de hablar con ella. (I missed the chance to talk to her.)
  4. Failing to Reach a Destination:
    Nos perdimos en el bosque. (We got lost in the forest.)
    ¿Te has perdido alguna vez en esta ciudad? (Have you ever gotten lost in this city?)
  5. Losing Time:
    No quiero perder más tiempo. (I don’t want to waste any more time.)
    Perdimos mucho tiempo esperando. (We wasted a lot of time waiting.)
  6. Emotional Loss:
    Perder a un ser querido es muy doloroso. (Losing a loved one is very painful.)
    No quiero perderte. (I don’t want to lose you.)

“Perder” can express both literal and figurative loss, and it’s a common verb used in everyday conversations to describe various situations where something is no longer retained or achieved.

Conjugation of the Spanish verb “perder”

Present Indicative of perder

  • Yo pierdo (I lose)
  • Tú pierdes (You lose)
  • Él/Ella/Usted pierde (He/She/You lose)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras perdemos (We lose)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras perdéis (You all lose – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes pierden (They/You all lose)

Preterite (Past Simple) Indicative of perder

  • Yo perdí (I lost)
  • Tú perdiste (You lost)
  • Él/Ella/Usted perdió (He/She/You lost)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras perdimos (We lost)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras perdisteis (You all lost – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes perdieron (They/You all lost)

Imperfect Indicative of perder

  • Yo perdía (I used to lose)
  • Tú perdías (You used to lose)
  • Él/Ella/Usted perdía (He/She/You used to lose)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras perdíamos (We used to lose)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras perdíais (You all used to lose – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes perdían (They/You all used to lose)

Future Indicative of perder

  • Yo perderé (I will lose)
  • Tú perderás (You will lose)
  • Él/Ella/Usted perderá (He/She/You will lose)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras perderemos (We will lose)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras perderéis (You all will lose – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes perderán (They/You all will lose)

Conditional of perder

  • Yo perdería (I would lose)
  • Tú perderías (You would lose)
  • Él/Ella/Usted perdería (He/She/You would lose)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras perderíamos (We would lose)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras perderíais (You all would lose – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes perderían (They/You all would lose)

Present Subjunctive of perder

  • Yo pierda (That I lose)
  • Tú pierdas (That you lose)
  • Él/Ella/Usted pierda (That he/she/you lose)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras perdamos (That we lose)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras perdáis (That you all lose – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes pierdan (That they/you all lose)

Imperfect Subjunctive of perder

  • Yo perdiera/perdiese (If I lost)
  • Tú perdieras/perdieses (If you lost)
  • Él/Ella/Usted perdiera/perdiese (If he/she/you lost)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras perdiéramos/perdiésemos (If we lost)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras perdierais/perdieseis (If you all lost – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes perdieran/perdiesen (If they/you all lost)

Imperative of perder

  • (Tú) Pierde (Lose – singular, informal)
  • (Él/Ella/Usted) Pierda (Lose – singular, formal)
  • (Nosotros/Nosotras) Perdamos (Let’s lose)
  • (Vosotros/Vosotras) Perded (Lose – plural, informal, used in Spain)
  • (Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes) Pierdan (Lose – plural, formal)