Jugar in Spanish conjugation

The Spanish verb “jugar” translates to “to play” in English. It is a versatile verb that is commonly used to express engaging in various activities related to games, sports, and life. Here are a few ways in which “jugar” is used:

  1. Playing Sports:
    • Juego al fútbol. (I play soccer.)
    • Ella juega al baloncesto. (She plays basketball)
  2. Playing Games:
    • Nosotros jugamos a las cartas. (We play cards)
    • ¿Quieres jugar a un juego de mesa? (Do you want to play a board game?)
  3. Playing a rolen:
    • Estados Unidos jugó un papel importante en la II Guerra Mundial. (USA played an important role in the II WWW)
    • El deporte juega un papel vital para conseguir una vida sana (Sports play a vital role to get a healthy life)
  4. Playing with Toys (especially for children):
    • Los niños están jugando con bloques. (The children are playing with blocks.)
    • Mi hermana pequeña juega con muñecas. (My little sister plays with dolls.)
  5. Using “Jugar” in Idiomatic Expressions:
    • No juegues con fuego. (Don’t play with fire.) – This is an idiomatic expression advising someone not to engage in risky or dangerous behavior.

Remember that “jugar” is a stem-changing verb, and in its present tense, it undergoes a stem change from “u” to “ue” in the boot. For example, in the present tense, “jugar” conjugates as “yo juego” (I play) with the stem change reflected in the first-person singular form.

Conjugation of the Spanish verb “jugar” (to play) in various tenses

Present Indicative

  • Yo juego (I play)
  • Tú juegas (You play)
  • Él/Ella/Usted juega (He/She/You play)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras jugamos (We play)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras jugáis (You all play – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes juegan (They/You all play)

Preterite (Past Simple) Indicative

  • Yo jugué (I played)
  • Tú jugaste (You played)
  • Él/Ella/Usted jugó (He/She/You played)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras jugamos (We played)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras jugasteis (You all played – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes jugaron (They/You all played)

Imperfect Indicative

  • Yo jugaba (I used to play)
  • Tú jugabas (You used to play)
  • Él/Ella/Usted jugaba (He/She/You used to play)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras jugábamos (We used to play)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras jugabais (You all used to play – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes jugaban (They/You all used to play)

Future Indicative

  • Yo jugaré (I will play)
  • Tú jugarás (You will play)
  • Él/Ella/Usted jugará (He/She/You will play)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras jugaremos (We will play)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras jugaréis (You all will play – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes jugarán (They/You all will play)

Conditional

  • Yo jugaría (I would play)
  • Tú jugarías (You would play)
  • Él/Ella/Usted jugaría (He/She/You would play)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras jugaríamos (We would play)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras jugaríais (You all would play – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes jugarían (They/You all would play)

Present Subjunctive

  • Yo juegue (That I play)
  • Tú juegues (That you play)
  • Él/Ella/Usted juegue (That he/she/you play)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras juguemos (That we play)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras juguéis (That you all play – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes jueguen (That they/you all play)

Imperfect Subjunctive

  • Yo jugara (If I played)
  • Tú jugaras (If you played)
  • Él/Ella/Usted jugara (If he/she/you played)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras jugáramos (If we played)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras jugarais (If you all played – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes jugaran (If they/you all played)

Imperative

  • (Tú) Juega (Play – singular, informal)
  • (Él/Ella/Usted) Juegue (Play – singular, formal)
  • (Nosotros/Nosotras) Juguemos (Let’s play)
  • (Vosotros/Vosotras) Jugad (Play – plural, informal, used in Spain)
  • (Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes) Jueguen (Play – plural, formal)