Irregular verbs in Spanish

Irregular verbs in Spanish can be a bit challenging because they do not follow the regular conjugation patterns that most verbs adhere to. However, once you become familiar with these irregularities, you’ll find that many irregular verbs are used frequently in everyday conversation. Here are some of the most common irregular verbs in Spanish and their conjugations in the present tense, preterite (past simple) tense, and imperfect tense:

Ser (to be)

  • Present tense:
    • Yo soy (I am)
    • Tú eres (You are)
    • Él/ella/usted es (He/she/you formal are)
    • Nosotros/nosotras somos (We are)
    • Vosotros/vosotras sois (You all are – mostly used in Spain)
    • Ellos/ellas/ustedes son (They/you all are)

Ir (to go)

  • Present tense:
    • Yo voy (I go)
    • Tú vas (You go)
    • Él/ella/usted va (He/she/you formal go)
    • Nosotros/nosotras vamos (We go)
    • Vosotros/vosotras vais (You all go – mostly used in Spain)
    • Ellos/ellas/ustedes van (They/you all go)

Tener (to have)

  • Present tense:
    • Yo tengo (I have)
    • Tú tienes (You have)
    • Él/ella/usted tiene (He/she/you formal have)
    • Nosotros/nosotras tenemos (We have)
    • Vosotros/vosotras tenéis (You all have – mostly used in Spain)
    • Ellos/ellas/ustedes tienen (They/you all have)

Hacer (to do/make)

  • Present tense:
    • Yo hago (I do/make)
    • Tú haces (You do/make)
    • Él/ella/usted hace (He/she/you formal do/make)
    • Nosotros/nosotras hacemos (We do/make)
    • Vosotros/vosotras hacéis (You all do/make – mostly used in Spain)
    • Ellos/ellas/ustedes hacen (They/you all do/make)

Decir (to say/tell)

  • Present tense:
    • Yo digo (I say/tell)
    • Tú dices (You say/tell)
    • Él/ella/usted dice (He/she/you formal say/tell)
    • Nosotros/nosotras decimos (We say/tell)
    • Vosotros/vosotras decís (You all say/tell – mostly used in Spain)
    • Ellos/ellas/ustedes dicen (They/you all say/tell)

Venir (to come)

  • Present tense:
    • Yo vengo (I come)
    • Tú vienes (You come)
    • Él/ella/usted viene (He/she/you formal come)
    • Nosotros/nosotras venimos (We come)
    • Vosotros/vosotras venís (You all come – mostly used in Spain)
    • Ellos/ellas/ustedes vienen (They/you all come)

Saber (to know)

  • Present tense:
    • Yo sé (I know)
    • Tú sabes (You know)
    • Él/ella/usted sabe (He/she/you formal know)
    • Nosotros/nosotras sabemos (We know)
    • Vosotros/vosotras sabéis (You all know – mostly used in Spain)
    • Ellos/ellas/ustedes saben (They/you all know)

Estar (to be)

  • Present tense:
    • Yo estoy (I am)
    • Tú estás (You are)
    • Él/ella/usted está (He/she/you formal are)
    • Nosotros/nosotras estamos (We are)
    • Vosotros/vosotras estáis (You all are – mostly used in Spain)
    • Ellos/ellas/ustedes están (They/you all are)

Poder (to be able/can)

  • Present tense:
    • Yo puedo (I can)
    • Tú puedes (You can)
    • Él/ella/usted puede (He/she/you formal can)
    • Nosotros/nosotras podemos (We can)
    • Vosotros/vosotras podéis (You all can – mostly used in Spain)
    • Ellos/ellas/ustedes pueden (They/you all can)

These irregular verbs are essential to learn, as they are used frequently in Spanish. Their conjugations in different tenses provide a strong foundation for understanding and using the language effectively. Keep in mind that while these verbs have irregular conjugations in the present tense, their conjugations in other tenses may follow regular patterns or exhibit unique irregularities.