Esperar verb conjugation in Spanish

“Esperar” in Spanish is a versatile verb that encompasses the meanings of both “to wait” and “to hope”. When used in the context of waiting, it signifies the act of staying in anticipation for a particular event or someone’s arrival. For example, one might say “Estoy esperando el autobús” (I am waiting for the bus), indicating a temporal expectation. This usage reflects the idea of patience and anticipation for something to occur or someone to arrive.

On the other hand, “esperar” takes on a more emotional and aspirational sense when used to convey hope. In this context, it implies a positive outlook or desire for a favorable outcome. For instance, “Espero que tengas un buen día” (I hope you have a good day) expresses a wish or hope for the well-being of the other person. This dual nature of “esperar” captures both the tangible act of waiting and the more abstract act of hoping, making it a versatile and nuanced verb in the Spanish language.

Conjugation for “esperar” in the main tenses

Present Indicative

  • Yo espero (I wait/hope)
  • Tú esperas (You wait/hope)
  • Él/Ella/Usted espera (He/She/You wait/hope)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras esperamos (We wait/hope)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras esperáis (You all wait/hope – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes esperan (They/You all wait/hope)

Preterite (Past Simple) Indicative

  • Yo esperé (I waited/hoped)
  • Tú esperaste (You waited/hoped)
  • Él/Ella/Usted esperó (He/She/You waited/hoped)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras esperamos (We waited/hoped)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras esperasteis (You all waited/hoped – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes esperaron (They/You all waited/hoped)

Imperfect Indicative

  • Yo esperaba (I used to wait/hope)
  • Tú esperabas (You used to wait/hope)
  • Él/Ella/Usted esperaba (He/She/You used to wait/hope)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras esperábamos (We used to wait/hope)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras esperabais (You all used to wait/hope – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes esperaban (They/You all used to wait/hope)

Future Indicative

  • Yo esperaré (I will wait/hope)
  • Tú esperarás (You will wait/hope)
  • Él/Ella/Usted esperará (He/She/You will wait/hope)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras esperaremos (We will wait/hope)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras esperaréis (You all will wait/hope – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes esperarán (They/You all will wait/hope)

Conditional

  • Yo esperaría (I would wait/hope)
  • Tú esperarías (You would wait/hope)
  • Él/Ella/Usted esperaría (He/She/You would wait/hope)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras esperaríamos (We would wait/hope)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras esperaríais (You all would wait/hope – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes esperarían (They/You all would wait/hope)

Present Subjunctive

  • Yo espere (That I wait/hope)
  • Tú esperes (That you wait/hope)
  • Él/Ella/Usted espere (That he/she waits/hopes)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras esperemos (That we wait/hope)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras esperéis (That you all wait/hope – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes esperen (That they/you all wait/hope)

Imperfect Subjunctive

  • Yo esperara (If I waited/hoped)
  • Tú esperaras (If you waited/hoped)
  • Él/Ella/Usted esperara (If he/she waited/hoped)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras esperáramos (If we waited/hoped)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras esperarais (If you all waited/hoped – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes esperaran (If they/you all waited/hoped)

Imperative

  • Tú espera (Wait/Hope – singular, informal)
  • Él/Ella/Usted espere (Wait/Hope – singular, formal)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras esperemos (Let’s wait/hope)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras esperad (Wait/Hope – plural, informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes esperen (Wait/Hope – plural, formal)