Conjugation of “Poder” in Spanish

The Spanish verb “poder” translates to “to be able to” or “can” in English. It denotes the capacity or capability to do something or to have permission or authority to perform an action. “Poder” is a highly versatile verb used in various contexts, including:

  1. Ability or Capability:
    Puedo hablar español. (I can speak Spanish.)
    Ella puede tocar el piano. (She can play the piano.)
  2. Permission or Authorization:
    ¿Puedo ir al baño? (Can I go to the bathroom?)
    No puedes fumar aquí. (You can’t smoke here.)
  3. Possibility or Potentiality:
    Puede llover mañana. (It may rain tomorrow.)
    ¿Puedes venir a la fiesta esta noche? (Can you come to the party tonight?)
  4. Capability Under Certain Circumstances:
    No puedo ver sin mis gafas. (I can’t see without my glasses.)
    ¿Puedes levantar ese peso? (Can you lift that weight?)
  5. Expressions of Doubt or Uncertainty:
    No sé si podré asistir a la reunión. (I don’t know if I’ll be able to attend the meeting.)
    ¿Podrías ayudarme con este problema? (Could you help me with this problem?)

“Poder” is a fundamental verb in Spanish and is used extensively in everyday communication to express abilities, permissions, potentialities, and uncertainties. Its conjugation varies according to tense, mood, and subject, allowing speakers to convey nuanced meanings and intentions. Learn how to conjugate this verb.

Conjugation of the Spanish verb “poder”

Present Indicative

  • Yo puedo (I can)
  • Tú puedes (You can)
  • Él/Ella/Usted puede (He/She/You can)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras podemos (We can)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras podéis (You all can – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes pueden (They/You all can)

Preterite (Past Simple) Indicative

  • Yo pude (I could)
  • Tú pudiste (You could)
  • Él/Ella/Usted pudo (He/She/You could)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras pudimos (We could)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras pudisteis (You all could – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes pudieron (They/You all could)

Imperfect Indicative

  • Yo podía (I could / was able to)
  • Tú podías (You could / were able to)
  • Él/Ella/Usted podía (He/She/You could / was able to)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras podíamos (We could / were able to)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras podíais (You all could / were able to – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes podían (They/You all could / were able to)

Future Indicative

  • Yo podré (I will be able to / can)
  • Tú podrás (You will be able to / can)
  • Él/Ella/Usted podrá (He/She/You will be able to / can)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras podremos (We will be able to / can)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras podréis (You all will be able to / can – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes podrán (They/You all will be able to / can)

Conditional

  • Yo podría (I could / would be able to)
  • Tú podrías (You could / would be able to)
  • Él/Ella/Usted podría (He/She/You could / would be able to)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras podríamos (We could / would be able to)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras podríais (You all could / would be able to – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes podrían (They/You all could / would be able to)

Present Subjunctive

  • Yo pueda (That I can)
  • Tú puedas (That you can)
  • Él/Ella/Usted pueda (That he/she/you can)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras podamos (That we can)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras podáis (That you all can – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes puedan (That they/you all can)

Imperfect Subjunctive

  • Yo pudiera / pudiese (If I could / were able to)
  • Tú pudieras / pudieses (If you could / were able to)
  • Él/Ella/Usted pudiera / pudiese (If he/she/you could / were able to)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras pudiéramos / pudiésemos (If we could / were able to)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras pudierais / pudieseis (If you all could / were able to – informal, used in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes pudieran / pudiesen (If they/you all could / were able to)

Imperative

  • (Tú) Puede (Can – singular, informal)
  • (Él/Ella/Usted) Pueda (Can – singular, formal)
  • (Nosotros/Nosotras) Podamos (Let’s can)
  • (Vosotros/Vosotras) Podéis (Can – plural, informal, used in Spain)
  • (Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes) Puedan (Can – plural, formal)