Conjugation of ir in spanish

The Spanish verb “ir” translates to “to go” in English. It’s a versatile verb that not only expresses the action of physically moving from one place to another but is also used in various idiomatic expressions and as an auxiliary verb to form compound tenses.

“Ir” as an auxiliary verb often precedes the main verb and alters the meaning of the sentence according to the tense and context. Its combination with infinitives or gerunds is a common structure in Spanish to express different tenses or nuances.

Conjugation of the Spanish verb “ir” (to go) in the main tenses

Present Indicative

  • Yo voy (I go)
  • Tú vas (You go, informal)
  • Él/Ella/Usted va (He/She/You go, formal)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras vamos (We go)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras vais (You all go – informal in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes van (They/You all go)

Preterite (Past Simple) Indicative

  • Yo fui (I went)
  • Tú fuiste (You went, informal)
  • Él/Ella/Usted fue (He/She/You went, formal)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras fuimos (We went)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras fuisteis (You all went – informal in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes fueron (They/You all went)

Imperfect Indicative

  • Yo iba (I used to go)
  • Tú ibas (You used to go, informal)
  • Él/Ella/Usted iba (He/She/You used to go, formal)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras íbamos (We used to go)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras ibais (You all used to go – informal in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes iban (They/You all used to go)

Future Indicative

  • Yo iré (I will go)
  • Tú irás (You will go, informal)
  • Él/Ella/Usted irá (He/She/You will go, formal)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras iremos (We will go)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras iréis (You all will go – informal in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes irán (They/You all will go)

Conditional

  • Yo iría (I would go)
  • Tú irías (You would go, informal)
  • Él/Ella/Usted iría (He/She/You would go, formal)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras iríamos (We would go)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras iríais (You all would go – informal in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes irían (They/You all would go)

Present Subjunctive

  • Yo vaya (That I go)
  • Tú vayas (That you go, informal)
  • Él/Ella/Usted vaya (That he/she goes, formal)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras vayamos (That we go)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras vayáis (That you all go – informal in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes vayan (That they/you all go)

Imperfect Subjunctive

  • Yo fuera (If I went)
  • Tú fueras (If you went, informal)
  • Él/Ella/Usted fuera (If he/she went, formal)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras fuéramos (If we went)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras fuerais (If you all went – informal in Spain)
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes fueran (If they/you all went)

Imperative

  • Tú ve (Go, informal)
  • Usted vaya (Go, formal)
  • Nosotros/Nosotras vayamos (Let’s go)
  • Vosotros/Vosotras id (Go, informal in Spain)
  • Ustedes vayan (Go, formal or plural)

The verb “ir” is irregular in many tenses and is one of the most commonly used verbs in Spanish due to its role as the primary verb for expressing movement and going from one place to another.

Auxiliary uses of “ir” include

  1. Futuro Próximo (Immediate Future): “Ir” is combined with the infinitive of another verb to express something that is going to happen soon. For instance: “Voy a trabajar esta noche” (I am going to work tonight), where “voy” is the conjugated form of “ir” followed by the infinitive “trabajar.”
  2. Past Progressive: “Ir” followed by the gerund form of a verb expresses ongoing actions in the past. For example: “Estaba yendo a trabajar” (I was going to work), where “estaba yendo” is a past progressive form using “ir” as the auxiliary verb.
  3. Perífrasis Verbal (Verb Periphrasis): “Ir a” + infinitive expresses an immediate future or something expected to happen. For example: “Voy a comer” (I am going to eat), where “voy a” signals a future action.
  4. Imperfecto Progresivo (Imperfect Progressive): “Ir” can be used in the imperfect tense followed by the gerund to indicate ongoing or continuous actions in the past. For instance: “Íbamos caminando por el parque” (We were walking in the park), where “íbamos caminando” refers to an ongoing action in the past.